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UN: 2.3 Billion People Severely or Moderately Hungry in 2021 | World News

EDITH M. LEDERER, by the Associated Press

UN (AP) – World hunger has risen in 2021, with nearly 2.3 billion people facing moderate or severe malnutrition – and this is ahead of the war in Ukraine, which led to rising grain, fertilizer and energy costs, according to a UN report released on Wednesday. Information has been reported.

“The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World” paints a grim picture based on 2021 data, stating that the figures “must dispel any long-standing suspicion that the world is lagging behind in its efforts to end hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition.” . “

“The most available evidence suggests that the number of people unable to afford healthy food worldwide has increased from 112 million to about 3.1 billion, reflecting the impact of rising consumer food prices during the (COVID-19) epidemic,” the report quoted five UN agencies as saying.

They warned that the Ukraine war, which began on February 24, was “disrupting supply to China and further affecting the prices of grain, fertilizer and energy” which would lead to further price increases in the first half of 2022. At the same time, they say, more frequent and extreme climate events are disrupting the supply chain, especially in low-income countries.

Political cartoons on world leaders

Political cartoons

Ukraine and Russia together produce about one-third of the world’s wheat and barley and half of its sunflower oil, while Russia and its ally Belarus are the world’s 2nd and 3rd potash producers, a major component of the fertilizer.

According to the report, hunger continues to grow in Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean in 2021, but at a slower pace than in 2019-2020.

“In 2021, 278 million people in Africa, 425 million in Asia and 56.5 million in Latin America and the Caribbean will suffer from hunger,” it said.

The UN Development Goals call for the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger by 2030, but the report says estimates indicate that 8% of the world’s population – about 670 million people – will face hunger by the end of the decade. When the targets were adopted in 2015 the same number of people were

The gender gap has widened due to food insecurity during the Kovid-19 epidemic, widening further from 2020 to 2021, the report said.

Originally driven by widening gaps between Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as Asia, it states that “in 2021, 31.9% of the world’s women were moderately or severely food insecure compared to 27.6% of men.”

In 2020, the report said, an estimated 22% of children under the age of 5 – or 149 million – were stunted growth and development while 6.7% – or 45 million – were malnourished, the most severe form of malnutrition. At the other end of the scale, it said that 5.7% of young people, or 39 million, were overweight.

“Looking ahead, the gains we’ve made in reducing child stunting by one-third over the past two decades – translating with 55 million fewer child stunts – are under threat due to climate, conflict and triple crisis. COVID-19 epidemic, “Without intense effort, the number of spoiled children will only increase,” said the head of five UN agencies.

The heads of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Food Program, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the World Health Organization and the International Fund for Agricultural Development say the severity of these three crises, combined with growing inequality, requires “bold action” to address future shocks.

As global economic growth forecasts for 2022 were significantly revised downwards, five companies expected to invest more limited financial resources in the “agricultural food system” – production, handling, transportation, processing, distribution, marketing and use of agricultural products.

But agency heads say governments could invest “fairly and sustainably in agri-food systems” by spending about $ 630 billion annually to support global food and agriculture.

Currently, they say, “a significant proportion of this support distorts market value, is environmentally destructive, and harms small-scale producers and aborigines, while failing to provide healthy food to children and those most in need.”

The heads of five agencies say evidence shows that if governments redirect their resources to prioritize food consumers and encourage them to produce and supply nutritious food “they will help make healthier foods less expensive and more affordable for all.”

A key recommendation, the report said, is that “governments begin to reconsider how they can reschedule their existing public budgets to reduce the cost of nutritious food and make it more affordable and efficient to increase the availability and affordability of healthy food.”

Copyright 2022 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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