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The Large Hadron Collider will embark on a third run to uncover more cosmic secrets

Ten years ago, scientists were able to discover the Higgs boson particle and help us understand the universe using the Large Hadron Collider. They did it again in 2018, unlocking new insights on protons.

Now, with so many new questions, they plan to relaunch the particle accelerator this month to better understand the cosmic unknown like Dark Matter.

“It’s a particle that has answered some questions for us and many more,” Dr. Sarah Demers, a professor of physics at Yale University, told NPR.

The Higgs boson particle was first observed when scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research, or CERN, smashed particles together near the speed of light. They did this using the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator – the Large Hadron Collider.

Since 1964, physicists have theorized the existence of these particles, but it took about 50 years to find evidence.

Scientists believe that the Higgs field formed one-tenth of a billionth of a second after the Big Bang, and that stars, planets, and life would not have originated without it.

Evidence of the existence of the Higgs boson was a major milestone in basic physics, and Dr. Franোয়াois Engellart and Dr. Peter Higgs won the Nobel Prize in Physics. Despite scientific achievements, the task of understanding how the universe works is not over.

The collider completed a second experimental race in 2018 that gave new insights into the structure of protons and how the Higgs boson decays.

And after more than three years of maintenance and upgrades, the collider will be launched again on Tuesday – this time tripling the data, maintaining intense beams for longer periods of time and generally enabling more study.

“There has to be a lot more because we can’t explain a lot of the things around us,” said Demers, who is working on a third run at CERN. “There’s something really big missing here, and by really big, we’re talking about 96 percent of the universe is really big.”

What Demers is referring to is dark matter, an invisible object from observation of the universe, and dark energy, which is believed to fuel the accelerated expansion of the universe. He hopes the upcoming run will create insights into the elusive but irresistible bulk of our universe.

In a press release, CERN wrote, “Finding answers to these and other intriguing questions will not only broaden our understanding of the universe on a smaller scale but also help unravel some of the larger mysteries of the universe as a whole, such as how it happened and what its ultimate outcome could be.” ”

The third run is expected to run for the next four years, and scientists have already begun work on Run 4, which will begin in 2030.

Copyright 2022 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.




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