World News

Factbox: Main Parties Contesting Japan’s Upper House Election | World News

TOKYO (Reuters) – A high-level election was held in Japan on Sunday with Prime Minister Fumio Kishidar urging the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and its Comeito junior partner to enact legislation.

Here is the basic information about the major political parties in Japan

Political cartoons on world leaders

Website: jimin.jp/english/

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election this time: 55

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election in 2025: 56

The Conservative Party has been in power almost uninterruptedly since its inception, either on its own or in alliance, and has forged close ties with business and bureaucracy.

Faced with China’s maritime expansion and North Korea’s missile and nuclear development, the LDP’s goal is to sharply increase defense spending, using the NATO target of 2% of total domestic products in defense as a guide.

It would be a departure from Japan’s decades-old practice of keeping defense spending about 1% of GDP, but public support for strengthening defense has been growing since Russia invaded Ukraine.

While opposition parties have called for a 10% reduction or repeal of the sales tax to help the public cope with rising food and energy prices, Kishida believes tariffs should be maintained to support the country’s aging social security system.

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election this time: 14

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election in 2025: 14

The Komito party, backed by Soka Gakkai, a Buddhist general organization, was a junior partner in LDP-led governments for 10 years until its defeat in the 2009 ruling coalition elections. But it returned to power with the LDP in the December 2012 by-elections.

Comeito is more moderate in terms of security than the LDP and it proposes to build defenses within the exclusive security policy. In terms of economic policy, the party wants to promote the interests of the less affluent.

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ)

Website: cdp-japan.jp/english

Number of seats in the upper house for this year’s re-election: 23

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election in 2025: 22

The center-left CDP is Japan’s largest opposition party. Its roots lie in the Democratic Party of Japan, which defeated the LDP-Comeito coalition in 2009 and has been in power for three years.

As part of measures to respond to rising prices, the party has called for a temporary reduction in sales tax from half to 5% and to offer homeowners a subsidy of 10,000 yen ($ 73) per month.

It supports investing 200 trillion yen in renewable energy and energy conservation by 2030 and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% or more from 2013 levels. This is more ambitious than the government’s goal of reducing emissions by 46% by 2030.

In a poll by the Kyodo News Agency, 28.3% of those surveyed said they would vote for the LDP in the proportional representation portion of the July 10 election, followed by the CDP at 8.2% and Comeito at 7.2%.

Japan Innovation Party (GIP)

Website: o-ishin.jp/ (Japanese only)

Number of seats in the upper house for this re-election: 6

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election in 2025: 9

In the October by-elections, the reformist party nearly doubled its seats. It hopes to maintain that momentum in the upper house vote and defeat its larger rival, the CDPJ, in the opposition.

The JIP joins the ruling LDP, calling for a sharp increase in defense spending and a constitutional amendment to make a specific reference to the Self-Defense Forces (SDF), as Japan calls its military.

The charter, if taken literally, bans the permanent military, prompting some academics to question the legitimacy of the SDF.

Communist Party of Japan (JCP)

Website: jcp.or.jp/english/

Number of seats in the upper house for this re-election: 6

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election in 2025: 7

Japan’s longest-running political party, the JCP, is celebrating its 100th anniversary this year.

The party opposes the LDP’s plan to substantially increase defense spending and warns that military expansion will only invite arms competition in the region, raising tensions.

Democratic Party for the People (DPFP)

Website: new-kokumin.jp/ (Japanese only)

Number of seats in the upper house for this re-election: 6

Number of seats in the upper house for re-election in 2025: 5

Seeing human resource development as the key to economic growth, the party called for free education up to high school and the issuance of education bonds to double the budget for education, science and technology to 10 trillion yen a year.

(Reporting by Kiyoshi Takenaka; Editing by David Dolan, Robert Bircel)

Copyright 2022 Thomson Reuters.


Source link

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button